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:: Volume 14, Number 5 (11-2011) ::
Back to browse issues page 2011, 14(5): 70-78
Factors influencing self-medication among elderly urban centers in Zarandieh based on Health Belief Model
mahmood karimy , Alireza Heidarnia , fazlolah ghofrani
student , karimymahmoo@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (10160 Views)
Background: Self-medication is one of the existing problems in the treatment cycle of patients that with aging and increased drug use, its side effects increase. The purpose of this study was to assess the factors influencing self-medication among elderly urban centers in Zarandieh based on Health Belief Model Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 180 elderly individuals (95 females and 85 males) over 60 in Zarandieh. Data collection tools were a questionnaire designed based on HBM model (perceived susceptibility/ severity, and perceived benefits/barriers) and self-medication checklist. Results: The prevalence of self- medication in the elderly was 31% (33% women and 29% men). The most common reasons for self-medication were previous experience of the disease and its recognition (61%), availability of drugs (60.5%), and good result of their previous treatment (56.7%). There was a significant difference in awareness, sensitivity, severity, perceived benefits and barriers among people with or without self-medication history (P< 001). Conclusion: Noticing the side effects of drugs and the high prevalence of self-medication among elderly, designing educational programs for changing the awareness and beliefs of elderly regarding self-medication is recommended.
Keywords: Elderly, Health Belief Model, self-medication
Full-Text [PDF 2547 kb]   (2157 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Health
Received: 2010/12/29 | Accepted: 2011/05/24
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karimy M, Heidarnia A, ghofrani F. Factors influencing self-medication among elderly urban centers in Zarandieh based on Health Belief Model. Arak Medical University Journal. 2011; 14 (5) :70-78
URL: http://amuj.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-993-en.html
Back to browse issues page Volume 14, Number 5 (11-2011)
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک Arak Medical University Journal
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