Volume 10, Issue 3 (6-2007)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2007, 10(3): 73-79 | Back to browse issues page

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Fateh S, Amini M, Daliri S, Zahedian F. The effectiveness of Dexamethasone on pain, nausea and vomiting after hemorrhoidectomy. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2007; 10 (3) :73-79
URL: http://amuj.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-71-en.html
Assistant professore , fateh@arakmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (18253 Views)
Introduction: Post operative pain, nausea and vomiting are common complications after hemorrhoidectomy and cause unpleasant expriences for patients. Today, scientists are increasingly moving forward to find new drugs with fewer side effects and costs to control these complications. So this study was planned to evaluate the effect of Dexamethasone on post operative pain, nausea and vomiting. Materials and Methods: This study was a double blind randomized controlled clinical trial that carried out on 112 patients scheduled for hemorrhoidectomy. Patients were diveded into two groups. Case group received 8mg Dexamethasone and control group received 2 ml normal saline intramuscularly 30 minutes before the operation. The method of surgery and general anesthesia were the same in all patients. Pain and nausea score were recorded using visual analog scale (VAS) and vomiting was recorded by asking of them at 0, 2, 4, 6 hours after operation. The patients were followed for 6 hours after the end of the operation and data was analyzed using t and chi square tests. Results: There was a significant difference between the two groups regarding prevention of post operative pain and nausea (p=0.00001). But there was no significant difference between the two groups regarding prevention of post operative vomiting. Conclusion: The result of this study suggested that injection of Dexamethasone before hemorrhoidectomy can decrease incidence of postoperative pain and nausea but dose not have any effects on postoperative vomiting. Therefore Dexamethasone is recommended before hemorrhoidectomy.
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Subject: General
Received: 2008/10/15

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