Volume 20, Issue 1 (4-2017)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2017, 20(1): 107-117 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghorbanian B, Barani A. Study the Effect of Exercise on Bone Markers, Glycemic and Anthropometric Indices in Postmenopausal Women with Diabetes. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2017; 20 (1) :107-117
URL: http://amuj.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-4765-en.html
Assistant Professor, PhD of Sport Physiology, Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran , b.ghorbanian@azaruniv.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2207 Views)

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a common disease in human societies that dealing with its complications imposes enormous cost to the health system. The previous studies have shown that bone biochemical markers can be used for evaluation of bone metabolism in response to physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of increasing 10-week aerobic exercise (AE) on serum osteocalcin, PTH and glycemic and anthropometric indices in postmenopausal women with type II diabetes.

Materials and Methods: In this semi-experimental study, 40 postmenopausal women with type II diabetes (40-60 years) as available subjects were selected and randomly assigned into two exercise (20) and control (20) groups. Exercise protocol was AE and walking activity for 10 weeks (3d/wk, 45 to 60 min/d with 45% to 60% HRRmax intensity). Blood samples were taken before and after exercise to measure serum variables. Data were analyzed by T-test and statistical significance criterion was set as p<0.05.

Results: AE makes a significant increase in osteocalcin levels and a decrease in insulin resistance index, insulin and fasting blood glucose in the experimental group (p<0.05). Changes in other variables such as PTH, HbA1c and anthropometric indices were not significant (p>0.05).

Conclusion: Due to the favorable effects of AE on osteocalcin and glycemic indices, it seems that this training method can be recommended as a non-invasive treatment for maintaining bone density and controlling blood glucose in diabetic patients.

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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: General
Received: 2016/11/12 | Accepted: 2017/02/15 | Published: 2017/03/13

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