Volume 18, Issue 12 (3-2016)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2016, 18(12): 1-10 | Back to browse issues page

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Amini K, Taher Neshatdoost H, Mazaheri M A, Nadi M A. Effectiveness of Specific Recall Training on Depression and Anxiety in Children (7-11 years old) with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Caused by Sexual Abuse. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2016; 18 (12) :1-10
URL: http://amuj.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-3946-en.html
PhD Student, Department of Psychology, Isfahan(Khurasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran. , kia.amini80@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3112 Views)

Background: There are numerous negative side-effects of child sexual abuse such as post- traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and behavioral problems. The purpose of this study is the use of Specific Recall Training on depression and anxiety in children with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) caused by Sexual Abuse.

Materials and Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental with a pre-test, post-test and follow-up design and with a control group.34 children with post-traumatic stress disorder caused by sexual abuse were selected by available sampling and were randomly assigned to two groups. The experimental group was educated over 7 sessions of 1.5 hours by Specific Recall Training method. To collect data, the Spence children's anxiety questionnaire and children's depression questionnaire were used. Data were analyzed by using the SPSS-20 software and multivariate analysis of covariance method.

Results: The findings showed that specific recall training, significantly reduce depression and anxiety scores. In follow up, the pre-test effect, the long term effect of treatment on depression was observed (F=5.943, p=0.021), but it can't effectively reduce anxiety.

Conclusion: The results showed that specific recall training was effective on depression and anxiety in children with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) caused by sexual abuse. Therefore, counselors and therapists can use this method for the treatment of children with mentioned disorder.

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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: psychology
Received: 2015/09/3 | Accepted: 2015/11/2 | Published: 2016/02/17

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