Volume 19, Issue 1 (4-2016)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2016, 19(1): 44-53 | Back to browse issues page

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Shahbazi N, Khalaji H, Ebrahimi Monfared M. The Effect of Focus of Attention - Self talk on Balance of Women with Multiple Sclerosis. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2016; 19 (1) :44-53
URL: http://amuj.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-3877-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of Neurology, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran. , Doctor.Ebrahimi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2969 Views)

Background: studies in adults have shown that external focus of attention is better than internal focus in motor learning. So, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of focus of attention- self talk on balance of women with multiple sclerosis.

Materials and Methods: In this semi- experimental study, statistical population included women with MS referred to MS Society of Arak. Whereas balance disorder in patients was diagnosed by neurologyist, they were invited to the study. Patients were accidentally divided into 3 groups each of 15 concluding control, self tak-external focus of attention and self talk- internal focus of attention groups and were evaluated by Berg balance scale. 42 samples completed executive steps of study. ANOVA and Tukey tests were used to compare balance score between groups with significant level of less than 0.05. All patients practiced balance tasks for 9 days and then they were undergone post test.

Results: Balance was improved in all groups. Although the external- self talk group was better than the two other groups, there was no significant difference between external and internal- self talk groups.

Conclusion: The findings of this study showed the effect of practice on improvement of balance skill and superiority of the experimental groups in comparison with control group. Probably, focus of attention with self talk has effect on balance of women with MS.

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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Internal
Received: 2015/07/26 | Accepted: 2015/11/25 | Published: 2016/03/14

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