Volume 18, Issue 8 (11-2015)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2015, 18(8): 18-26 | Back to browse issues page

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PORMOSAYEBI S, shamsi M, khorsandi M, kolivand A, ranjbaran M. Measurement structures HBM for promotion of preventive behaviors of pregnant women exposed to air pollution in Arak city 2015. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2015; 18 (8) :18-26
URL: http://amuj.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-3570-en.html
Department of Health Education, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran , dr.shamsi@arakmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3220 Views)

Background: Today, environmental pollutants are one of the most important human problems. The purpose of this study was to assess the health belief model structures for promotion of preventive behaviors in pregnant women exposed to air pollution in Arak city in 2014.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 208 pregnant women referred to healthcare centers in Arak city were selected by multistage sampling and were studied. Data were collected by using a valid and reliable self- report questionnaire. The questionnaire included the demographic characteristics of the mother, the aspects of the HBM model, and the maternal practice checklist. Finally, the data were analyzed.

Results: The mean age of subjects was 26.48 ±4.77 and the mean gestational age was 14.88 ±5.59 weeks. The highest level of education for pregnant women (47.1%) was a diploma. The mean practice score was 72.9 and among the structures, the highest and the lowest score was obtained for perceived susceptibility(83.25) and barriers(59.16), respectively. To predict the hehavior by using the HBM structures, regression analysis showed that of the studied variables, the external practice guides, perceived susceptibililty, and barriers are as behavior predictive predictive agents that totally, predicted 26% (R2=0.265) of behavior changes.

Conclusion: According to the results of the study, the design of educational interventions should be based on the external practice guides, perceived susceptibility and barriers structures as the most important predictors of maternal behavior.

Full-Text [PDF 593 kb]   (658 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Health
Received: 2015/03/12 | Accepted: 2015/08/12 | Published: 2015/10/21

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