Volume 18, Issue 5 (8-2015)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2015, 18(5): 68-76 | Back to browse issues page

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Mahbubi Ghazaani F, Roozbahani N, Shamsi M. Predictive Factors of Exclusive Breastfeeding Intention in Pregnant Women . J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2015; 18 (5) :68-76
URL: http://amuj.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-3446-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of Health Education& promotion, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran , Roozbahani@arakmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3271 Views)

Background: Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months after delivery plays a crucial role in preventing infants morbidity and mortality. Exclusive breastfeeding intention during pregnancy is one of predictors of this behavior. Determining the effective factors in exclusive breastfeeding intention helps plan for promoting breastfeeding intention and behavior. The aim of this study is to determine predictive factors of exclusive breastfeeding intention in pregnant women, based on the theory of planned behavior.

Materials and Methods: This analytical study was conducted in 2014 on 224 primigravide women referred to Health Centers of Kashan. The samples were randomly selected from 16 health centers. The mothers completed the questionnaires of demography, intention, attitude, subjective norms and the perceived behavior control. A linear regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of the exclusive breastfeeding intention.

Results: In regression model, the perceived behavior control (&beta=0.42, p<0.001), attitude (&beta=0.27, p<0.01) and subjective norms (&beta=0.18, p=0.059) were predictors of the exclusive breastfeeding intention. This model could explain 63% of the variance of the exclusive breastfeeding intention. The knowledge and demographic factors were not predictors of the intention.

Conclusion: The results reveal the perceived behavior control, attitudes and subjective norms could predict exclusive breastfeeding intention, so they should be considered as general guidelines in designing educational interventions in order to improve exclusive breastfeeding in women.

Full-Text [PDF 549 kb]   (791 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Health
Received: 2015/01/20 | Accepted: 2015/03/4 | Published: 2015/07/22

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