Volume 17, Issue 8 (11-2014)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2014, 17(8): 80-86 | Back to browse issues page

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Yousefi Chaijan P, Salehi B, Khosrobeigi A, Hajirahimi M, Rafiei M, Taher Ahmadi H. Prevalence of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Pediatric Patients with the Daytime Frequency Syndrome of Childhood or Pollakiuria. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2014; 17 (8) :80-86
URL: http://amuj.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-2973-en.html
Medical Student, Department of Students Research Committee, Arak University of medical sciences, Arak, Iran , khosrobeigi@arakmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5171 Views)

Background: Some children have abrupt onset of severe urinary frequency, voiding as often as every 10-15 min during the day, without dysuria, UTI, daytime incontinence, or nocturia. The most common age for these symptoms to occur is 4-6 yr, after the child is toilet trained, and the vast majority are boys. This condition is termed the daytime frequency syndrome of childhood or Pollakiuria. The condition is functional no anatomic problem is detected. The symptoms occur often just before a child starts kindergarten or if the child is having emotional family stress-related problems. OCD is a chronically disabling illness characterized by repetitive, ritualistic behaviors over which the patient has little or no control. OCD has a lifetime prevalence of 1-3% worldwide, and as many as 80% of all cases have their onset in childhood and adolescence. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between OCD and Pollakiuria.

Materials and Methods:In this case-control study, we evaluated (152) children aged 6-18 years old who were visited in the pediatric clinics of Amir-Kabir Hospital, Arak, Iran. The control group considered of (76) healthy children and the case group included (76) age and sex matched children with Pollakiuria. Then, the children’s behavioral status was evaluated using the children’s Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (C-YBOCS). The C-YBOCS is helpful in identifying children with OCD. The data was analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics in SPSS-16.

Results: OCD was detected in (5) case (6.6%) with Pollakiuria and (8) controls (10.5%). The difference in OCD was not significant (p-value 0.282) between the two groups.

Conclusion: OCD isn’t more common in Pollakiuria versus non-Pollakiuria children. It is recommended to conduct a study with higher sample volume in order to detect the relationship between OCD and Pollakiuria.

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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Pediatrics
Received: 2014/05/27 | Accepted: 2014/09/17 | Published: 2014/10/22

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