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:: Volume 11, Issue 2 (6-2008) ::
AMUJ 2008, 11(2): 56-63 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of the effects of oral Ketamine as an adjuvant drug in treatment of renal colic
Ali Cyrus , Shirin Pazoki , Davoud Goodarzi , Malihe Yavari , Esmat Babayee , Shadi Piraste
Assistant professore , cyrus2nd@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (16314 Views)
Introduction: Oral Ketamine is used as a low side effect analgesic in comparison with opioids, in different pain syndromes. This study is designed to evaluate the effect of oral Ketamine in renal colic treatment. Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial study 104 patients with renal colic, hospitalized in emergency department, were divided in to two groups by Random block design. Group B received Pethidine (1 mg/kg up to 100 mg) and placebo, and group A received Pethidine with the same dose and Ketamine (0.5 mg/kg). All patients were assessed for pain by using VAS chart, for nausea by a 0-3 scale and for the number of vomiting at baseline and 1, 2 and 3 hours after taking drug. The results were analyzed by t-test. Results: Average pain score and vomiting in all times and nausea score in one and three hours after receiving drugs were reduced significantly in patients who took Pethidine and Ketamine comparing patients who took Pethidine and placcbo(p < 0.05). Conclusion: Regarding the significant effect of Ketamine in reduction of pain, nausea and vomiting without side effects, it is possible to use Ketamine as an adjuvant drug in treatment of renal colic and to reduce narcotic dosage.
Keywords: Renal, colic, Ketamine, pain, nausea, vomiting
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Subject: General
Received: 2009/03/5
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cyrus A, Pazoki S, Goodarzi D, Yavari M, Babayee E, Piraste S. Evaluation of the effects of oral Ketamine as an adjuvant drug in treatment of renal colic . AMUJ. 2008; 11 (2) :56-63
URL: http://amuj.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-220-en.html

Volume 11, Issue 2 (6-2008) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک Arak Medical University Journal
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