Volume 16, Number 11 (2-2014)                   amuj 2014, 16(11): 15-23 | Back to browse issues page


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Jozpanahi M, Karami A, Salimi F. The Study of Prevalence Rate of Nasal Carriage of Staphylococcus in Patients who Reffered to Hemodialysis Wards and Control Group. amuj. 2014; 16 (11) :15-23
URL: http://amuj.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-2130-en.html

Assistant Professor, Department of Infectious Diseases, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran , dr.karami@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4270 Views)

Background: The Infections that are related to vascular access, are regarded as Important factor in mortality and morbidity in the patients with immune deficiency including hemodialysis patients. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common and most Important organism involved in this regard and it cause bacteremia and its complications in the patients is important. This organism can cause carriage states and its most frequent carriage source is in the nose. The aim of this study is determination of staphylococcal carriage states in the Zanjan hemodialysis patients and control group.

Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study is designed in the patients with chronic renal disease who were referred to the hemodialysis wards. Nasal samples were collected with sterile swabs. Then they were inoculated in the blood agar culture media and incubated at (35-37) degree for (24-48) hours. This method was taken for control group too. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS and Chi-Square statistically methods.

Results: Based on this study, 7.4 percent of patients and 11.1 percent of the control group were nasal carriers of staphylococcus aureus. The results did not show any meaningful statistically difference between the cases and control groups. But a meaningful statistically difference was observed in the Staphylococcus hemolyticus carriages and the nasal carriage of this organism was more common in the women of case group.

Conclusion: Based on our study, we don't find high prevalence rate of nasal staphylococcus aureus carriage among our case group, and It seems this organism isnot an important agent in our hemodialysis wards.

Full-Text [PDF 254 kb]   (1010 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Infection
Received: 2013/01/10 | Accepted: 2013/12/30 | Published: 2014/01/18

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