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:: Volume 16, Number 1 (4-2013) ::
amuj 2013, 16(1): 10-15 Back to browse issues page
The Prevalence of Scoliosis in Pupils Aged 9-16 in Arak: 2011-2012
Ahmad Reza Behruzi , Hossein Ali Hadi, Ahmad Reza Ghandi, Akram Esmaili
Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopedics, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran , dr.behrouzi@arakmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (7041 Views)

Background: Noticing the particular importance of timely detection of scoliosis due to its progression over the time and associated complications such as non-symmetric appearance, movement restrictions, and sometimes disturbance in cardiac or respiratory function, this screening study was designed to investigate the prevalence of scoliosis in pupils aged 9-16 in Arak.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 984 students aged 9-16 years in Arak, Iran, who were randomly selected by clustering method, were screened for scoliosis by Adams test and suspected pupils were examined by orthopedics and PA X-ray was applied for them. For diagnosis confirmation, the Cobb angle was calculated and angle>6 was considered as scoliosis.

Results: Based on the results, the prevalence of scoliosis was 1.52% and 1.21% in female students and 3.21% in male students. The Cobb angle of about 67% of the cases was less than 10 which indicated minor scoliosis.

Conclusion: The results of the present study necessitate school-based scoliosis screening so that early detection of the disease allows for implementation of a suitable treatment program which can prevent the development of the disease and the financial burden of surgery and its complications.

Keywords: Mass screening, Scoliosis, Spinal curvatures, Students
Full-Text [PDF 191 kb]   (1497 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Ortopedia
Received: 2012/06/20 | Accepted: 2013/08/28 | Published: 2013/08/28
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Behruzi A R, Hadi H A, Ghandi A R, Esmaili A. The Prevalence of Scoliosis in Pupils Aged 9-16 in Arak: 2011-2012. amuj. 2013; 16 (1) :10-15
URL: http://amuj.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-1761-en.html
Volume 16, Number 1 (4-2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک Arak Medical University Journal
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