Volume 14, Issue 7 (Brucellosis Supplement 2012)                   AMUJ 2012, 14(7): 9-20 | Back to browse issues page

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Assistant Professor 1- Department of Microbiology,Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran,Iran. , hesmaeli@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (10876 Views)
Background: Brucellosis, especially if caused by Brucella melitensis, remains one of the most common zoonotic diseases worldwide with more than 500,000 human cases reported annually. In Iran, brucellosis was first recognized in 1932 and control of small ruminant brucellosis began in 1963. The aim of this study is to give an overview of the National Sheep and Goat Brucellosis Control Program in Iran. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data were collected from Iran Veterinary Organization over a period of 45 years. The national control program was based on kid and lamb vaccination and testing and slaughtering infected animals. Results: B.melitensis biotype I in sheep, goat, and man was the predominant local infective biotype. This disease was reported in sheep, goat, cattle, horse, camel, and human. In addition, the prevalence of small ruminant brucellosis was estimated around 2.1%. Conclusion: Prevention of brucellosis is dependent upon increasing public awareness of ranchers through health education programs and more active co-operation between health and veterinary medicine organizations as well as animal movement control in the borders.
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Subject: Infection
Received: 2011/10/22 | Accepted: 2012/01/11