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:: Volume 20, Issue 2 (5-2017) ::
amuj 2017, 20(2): 100-112 Back to browse issues page
Investigation into Regeneration Mechanism of Hydroalcoholic Lavender (Lavandula officianalis) Extract through the Evaluation of NT3 Gene Expression after Sciatic Nerve Compression in Rats
Fereshteh Naderi Allaf , Maryam Tehranipour , Khadijeh Nejad Shahrokh Abadi
Associate Professor, PhD in Animal Physiology, Department of Biology, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran , maryam_tehranipour@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1288 Views)

Abstract

Background: Retrograde transport to the alpha motoneurons causes spinal degeneration. The neurotrophic factor (NT3) increases the number of myelinated axons in the dorsal root, leads to differentiation and survival of sensory neurons, parasympathetic motoneurons and prevents cell death. Lavender is a plant in the family Lamiaceae which is reported to have antioxidant, antispasmodic, diuretic, anti-asthmatic, refrigerant, and antipyretic effects. This study examined NT3 gene expression changes after sciatic nerve compression in rats, in the presence of Lavandula officinalis extract. 

Materials and Methods: Lavender Soxhlet hydroalcoholic extraction was prepared. 36 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups including control, compression and treatment (compression group + hydroalcoholic extract of Lavender injections 75mg/kg) groups. In controls the muscle was opened without damage to gain access to the sciatic nerve. In compression and treatment groups, the sciatic nerve (right leg) was compressed. The extract was injected intraperitoneally in two occasions. A biopsy was taken from the spinal cord segments L4-L6 on day 28, total RNA was extracted and cDNA was synthesized and NT3 gene expression changes were analyzed by ANOVA test by using SPSS software. 

Results: The results showed that NT3 gene expression had a significant reduction in compression group compared to the control group (p<0.001) and it had a significant increase in treatment group compared with the compression group (p<0.001).

Conclusion: A significant increase in gene expression shows that Lavandula officinalis hydroalcoholic extract improves nerve regeneration via NT3 gene expression. 

Keywords: Compression, Lavandula officinalis, NT3 gene, Sciatic nerve regeneration.
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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Basic Sciences
Received: 2017/01/21 | Accepted: 2017/04/18 | Published: 2017/04/18
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Naderi Allaf F, Tehranipour M, Nejad Shahrokh Abadi K. Investigation into Regeneration Mechanism of Hydroalcoholic Lavender (Lavandula officianalis) Extract through the Evaluation of NT3 Gene Expression after Sciatic Nerve Compression in Rats. amuj. 2017; 20 (2) :100-112
URL: http://amuj.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-4899-en.html
Volume 20, Issue 2 (5-2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک Arak Medical University Journal
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