Volume 20, Issue 4 (7-2017)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2017, 20(4): 1-9 | Back to browse issues page

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Teymori F, Amirmozafari Sabet N. Studying the Relationship between the Ability of Biofilm Formation and Antibiotic Resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii Clinical and Environmental Isolates in Tehran, 2015. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2017; 20 (4) :1-9
URL: http://amuj.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-4174-en.html
Professor, Department of Microbiology, Iran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services , Tehran, Iran , Mozafari.n@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2390 Views)

Abstract

Background: Acinetobacters are aerobic gram-negative bacteria which are distributed widespread in soil and water. The bacteria are isolated from cultured skin, mucous membranes, secretions and hospital environment. Acinetobacter baumannii, is a strain that more frequently isolated. Acinetobacter strains are often resistant against antimicrobial agents.

Materials and Methods: The method of this study was based on field, observation and test. On August and October 2015, samples were isolated from the soil and water of the Sadeghieh Square river in Tehran, respectively, and were transferred to the laboratory in the ice pack. 50 baumannii samples were isolated by biochemical methods (TSI, SIM, OF and gram test). November 1394, 100 clinical samples were isolated from Imam Khomeini hospital by biochemical method, and in the culture media Mueller Hinton agar plates were transferred to the laboratory. Antibiogram test for 150 baumannii samples was performed. Biofilms formation of Acinetobacter baumannii environmental and clinical samples was investigated by Congo red agar and culture plate methods.

Results: In all samples (clinical and soil), most of antibiotic resistance was 92% for imipenem and the resistance of water samples to imipenem was 99.9%. Biofilm formation by Congo red agar in water, soil, and clinical samles was resprctively 44%, 40% and 1%. All isolates were negative biofilm culture plate.

Conclusion: Considering Acinetobacter baumannii resistance to antibiotics and the lack of biofilm formation of in clinical and environmental isolates, it was concluded that there wasn’t any relationship between antibiotic resistance and biofilm formation.

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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: Basic Sciences
Received: 2016/01/6 | Accepted: 2017/06/21 | Published: 2017/06/21

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