Volume 20, Issue 9 (12-2017)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2017, 20(9): 12-21 | Back to browse issues page

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Jani M, Jamilian H, Aramoon A. Comparing Perceived Stress, Self-efficacy and Mental Health in Patients With HIV and Hepatitis C . J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2017; 20 (9) :12-21
URL: http://amuj.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-5274-en.html
Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran. , mjamilian@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1237 Views)
Background: The purpose of the present research was to compare the perceived stress, self-efficacy and mental health in patients with HIV and Hepatitis C.
Materials and Methods: The method of present research was causal-comparative research. Population included of all patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome or AIDS referred to a behavioral disease counseling centers of Arak city and all patients of chronic hepatitis caused by the hepatitis C virus referred to Gastroenterology Research Center and private practice of digestive specialists in Arak city. The sample consisted of 200 people, including 100 HIV and 100 people with hepatitis C who participated in the study and were selected for screening. All participants responded to the three instruments including Cohen Perceived Stress, Kamark and Mrimlstyn, Sherer's Self-efficacy and Goldberg general health questionnaires. Data analysis was done in two descriptive and inferential levels using SPSS version 20.
Results: The results of MONOVA showed that two groups were different in the perceived stress, self-efficacy and mental health, physical symptoms, depression, anxiety, social dysfunction, at the level of 0.01.
Conclusion: It is suggested that workshops to be held to careful inform how much stress and self-efficacy had affected on physical and mental health of patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome or AIDS.

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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: psychology
Received: 2017/08/19 | Accepted: 2017/11/15 | Published: 2017/11/21

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