Volume 18, Issue 7 (10-2015)                   J Arak Uni Med Sci 2015, 18(7): 34-45 | Back to browse issues page

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razi T, shamsi M, khorsandi M, roozbehani N, ranjbaran M. The Effect of Education based on Health Belief Model (HBM) on the Promotion of Mothers Behavior about Danger Signs in Children less than Five Years axxording to IMC(Integrated Management of children Illness). J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2015; 18 (7) :34-45
URL: http://amuj.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-3473-en.html
Departman of Health Education, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran , dr.shamsi@arakmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3525 Views)

  Background: M others must gain enough knowledge and practice about danger signs in children to achieve behavior change. Knowing such factors influencing behavior change will facilitate change. So, training about danger signs in children using models that identify the factors influencing behavior is essential. Health belief model is one of the effective models in education. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the effect of education on behavior of mothers about danger signs in children less than five years.

  Materials and Methods: This is an educational trial study that was conducted on 116 mother with children under five years old referring to treatment health centers in Arak city in 2014. They were divided into two groups case (n=56 ) and control ( n=60 ) randomly.

  The data collected by filling the valid and reliable questionnaire that reseatcher made along with interview. An educational intervention was conducted in case group during the four learning sessions. Three months after educational intervention, post-test was conducted by filling questionnaire. Finally, data were analyzed by SPSS software in significance level of p<0/05.

  Results: There was no significant difference between mean score of health belief model construct and behavior in the experimental and control groups before the intervention(p<0.05) , but significant differences were shown after intervention(p<0.001). The mean score of the mothers in the intervention group before and after intervention was 39.58±42.15, and 84.52±23.05 respectively, that showed significant differences (p<0.001).

  Conclusion: According to the results of this study, educational intervention based on initial assessment on Health Belief Model was effective in improving mothers' practice about danger signs in children. Thus, it can be helpful to design training programs.

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Type of Study: Original Atricle | Subject: General
Received: 2015/01/31 | Accepted: 2015/05/20 | Published: 2015/09/22

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